The use of HBOT therapy traces back to some 450 years. Hyperbaric chamber was first created in the year 1662 but its clinical application started during the mid 1800s. In early 1930s, hyperbaric oxygen therapy was first used for deep sea diving and it was during the 1960s extensive studies on HBOT became evident. Today, there are as many as 25,000 articles discussing the usages, application and benefits of hyperbaric oxygen treatment. In this post, we will take a look at the evolution of Hyperbaric Oxygen chamber and therapy:
- In the year 1662, the British physician Henshaw first created the hyperbaric chamber and named it domicilium. At that time, Henshaw has used the organ bellow system and valves to adjust the pressure. The physician deduced that the chronic illnesses are benefited from the reduced pressure and more acute ailments were responding to the increased pressures.
- French physiologist, Paul Bert came up with a connection between decompression sickness and nitrogen bubbles in the year 1878. He later concluded that the pain of decompression sickness can be altered with recompression.
- A French surgeon named Fontane developed a mobile pressurized operating chamber in 1879. This chamber had dual benefits. This mobile chamber offered deeper anesthesia and enabled the patients to have improved oxygenation.
- In the 1900s, pneumatic institutes in Europe increased the pressure of the chamber by 2 atmospheres used the chamber as a kind of spa treatment.
- During the 1930s, hyperbaric oxygen therapy became a viable solution for treating decompression sickness of the deep sea divers.
- Churchill Davis, a renowned physician came up with the effectiveness of hyperoxia (putting in excess oxygen in the system) to boost the effectiveness of radiation that are used to treat the cancer patients.
- Undersea Hyperbaric Medical Society developed a committee in 1976 to review the benefits of hyperbaric oxygen treatment in the year 1976.
How does the Hyperbaric Treatment work?
Hyperbaric means to increased pressure. (Hyper – increased and Baric- pressure). A person is exposed to normal atmospheric pressure (1 ATM) at the sea level and he intakes 21% oxygen. In a HBOT chamber, the oxygen intake is raised to 100% and is 1.5 to 3 times more than the normal atmospheric pressure. This feeds in more oxygen into the blood and the tissues, vessels and organs get 20-25 times more oxygen. Since oxygen has natural healing attributes, its 100% intake has remarkable benefits especially in healing internal wounds and infections