Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy – HBOT, is designed to boost the supply of oxygen to ischemic tissue or to diseased tissues that respond to increased oxygen levels. Increasing the volume of oxygen dissolved in the blood plasma, that is brought about by hyperbaric therapy (HBOT), produces five basic effects:
- Reduction of volume of gas bubbles in the blood
- Vasoconstriction, which reduces edema and secondary hypoxia
- Restoration of aerobic metabolism to ischemic tissue
- Detoxification of poisoned tissues
- Enhanced phagocytosis
FAQs on HBOT –
Are there different types of HBOT chambers?
There are basically two types of chambers: monoplace and multiplace.
Monoplace chambers are designed to treat a single person pressurized with 100% oxygen.
Multiplace chambers are designed to hold several people at one time and oxygen is delivered through a mask or a hood.
How should patients prepare for treatment?
Following criteria are required to be strictly maintained during HBOT therapy :
- Only clean cotton clothing is allowed in the chamber.
- No cosmetics, perfumes, hair preparations, deodorants, wigs or jewelry are allowed in the chamber.
- The technician needs to know if any medications, including non prescription drugs, are being taken by the patient, and patients are advised not to take alcohol or carbonated drinks for four hours prior to treatment.
- In most cases, patients should give up smoking and any other tobacco products during their treatment period, as they interfere with the body’s ability to transport oxygen.
How is HBOT administered?
HBOT is administered in a private setting in state-of-the-art, monoplace chamber of clear acrylic. Trained technicians closely monitor the patient. The chambers are such that it permits the patient to readily see outside the chamber. Patients are in constant view and communication with the attending technician via an intercom or may watch a movie, listen to music, or just rest.
Are there any side effects?
The most common side effect is barotrauma to the ears and sinuses caused by the change in pressure. To minimize this risk, patients learn techniques to promote adequate clearing of the ears during compression or tubes may be inserted in the ears. Occasionally some patients may experience changes in their vision during their treatment period. These changes are usually minor and temporary.
How does hyperbaric oxygen help a child with cerebral palsy (CP), autism or traumatic brain injury (TBI)?
In CP, Autism and TBI patients, some of the injured brain tissues may be “dormant” and non-functioning. HBOT can stimulate these “dormant” tissues and return them to more normal function. In young children, cognitive function and spasticity can be improved.
Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, used in conjunction with other therapies, ensures the best recovery possible for children with cerebral palsy, autism and traumatic brain injury.
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Information Source: http://www.hbot.com